Radiology Reentry: PART 1 - Workplace Safety & Workflow
Radiology practices have many variables to consider in addressing the uncertainties that lie ahead. While we know there is a lot of excellent information available, our hope is that we have been able to curate some relevant guidance that will help your practice thrive again in this period of uncertainty.
Areas of focus for your practice should include the following:
Safety policies for staff and patient protection
Physical changes to the office space
Human resources and physician work policies
Collaboration with community partners
A new direct marketing plan
All of these areas will be extremely important to maximizing your patient volume moving forward. Our three-part series will cover each of them in detail. In this first article, we will discuss workplace safety policies, changes to your office space, and workflow processes.
Establish Workplace Safety Polices
The workplace we are about to reenter will not be the same as the one that existed before the pandemic. Set guidelines to prioritize the health and safety of your employees and patients.
Recommended steps to maximize safety in your practice include the following:
Appoint an office "policy czar" who is responsible for staying informed of daily changes and disseminating information to leadership and staff. Your policy czar will need to refer regularly to information published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), your state medical board, and federal and state authorities for guidance on public health and safety precautions. Additionally, it will be critical to stay abreast of industry-specific recommendations provided by professional societies such as the Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA), the American College of Radiology (ACR), and the Healthcare Business Management Association (HBMA).
Conduct a thorough sanitization of your entire workspace so it is safe for your employees to return. It is imperative to have a reliable source of cleaning supplies as shortages continue. Set a policy for cleaning all shared common areas throughout the day and at the end of each day, with specific employees assigned to this responsibility daily. Lobby areas, doorknobs, and any other highly touched surfaces should be cleaned hourly. Create clearly visible signage about your cleaning policies so your patients are aware of the steps you have taken to prevent transmission. Consider providing extra transparency by cleaning within range of patients' visibility.
Establish your sources of supply for acquiring necessary personal protection equipment (PPE) and make sure that you can access surge materials if volume requires it. Set your office policy for PPE usage based on the level of need by job role. It is important to provide all employees with equal and consistent safety conditions to ensure that you do not expose your practice to liability for discriminatory practices.
Create a policy for patients wearing PPE. At the time an appointment is made and/or confirmed, be sure to let patients know that they will be required to wear a mask in the office. If necessary, and if your supplies allow, provide noncompliant patients with disposable masks upon entry.
Develop a protocol for notifying patients about critical health updates, such as a situation where they may have come in contact with an asymptomatic but now positive COVID-19 patient. Similarly, provide your patients with instructions to notify your office should a positive test occur postvisit so you can mitigate further exposure and quarantine any staff that had interaction.
Conduct a direct patient screening questionnaire via phone before each patient's visit. Include the patient's reason for visit, symptoms, recent travel history, and whether the patient has come into contact with anyone who has tested positive. As state borders are opened and regulations are relaxed based on geography, the travel section of your questionnaire should be modified. Evaluate this questionnaire frequently based on changes.
Maintain records of all patient/staff contact to allow proper tracing if necessary.
Establish a rapid test for any patients scheduled for an interventional radiology procedure.
Look At Your Physical Office Space
Minor changes you can make to your physical space to greatly reduce risk to your patients and staff include the following:
Reconfigure reading rooms and radiologists within the reading room to maintain distancing.
Create single-radiologist and single-workstation reading rooms, if feasible.
Ensure that radiologists sterilize shared workstation equipment before and after use; ideally, workstations should be dedicated to a single radiologist and cleaned between shifts.
Encourage phone communications between radiologists and other staff over in-person communications.
Reevaluate historical policies regarding alternative workplace locations and develop your go-forward strategy regarding radiologists reading remotely.
Rearrange workstations to allow employees to social distance appropriately and prevent equipment or workspace sharing that may have been in place previously.
Consider whether some employees are able to maintain work-from-home capabilities to limit in-person interaction. Discontinue in-person meetings that can be held virtually.
Look into options for automated check-in to eliminate the time patients are spending in the facility and cut down on face-to-face interactions.
Modify waiting areas to maintain social distancing within your facility. Adjust seating so that patients sit at least 6 feet or more apart. In some cases, you may ask patients to wait in their car. Remove magazines and toys from the waiting room. Routinely disinfect the waiting room throughout the day as set by your cleaning policy.
Develop a protocol for working with a suspected or known positive patient. Based on your location and the virus spread, you may need to establish a separate waiting area for suspected COVID-positive patients to ensure they are isolated from your general population.
Evaluate Workflow Processes
Internal workflow processes should be reevaluated with regard to employee/patient interaction as well as employee/employee interaction, especially in the early days of increased procedure volume. The careful scheduling of employees offers a significant opportunity to impact safety by reducing exposure. You can schedule staff to work in teams that alternately cover weeks to minimize exposures across the section and maintain the workforce. You can establish a backup workforce for shifts, particularly in high-exposure areas; healthcare workers may work in teams in which Team A and Team B alternate working for two weeks, followed by two weeks out.
You will also need to consider how you "match up" the patient imaging strategy with your internal staffing strategy. The RSNA COVID-19 taskforce released a seven-page report that includes specifics regarding patient screening for elective imaging. Outpatients scheduled for imaging or other procedures should be screened at the facility entrance for symptoms including fever, new dry cough, shortness of breath, and sore throat. The RSNA also offered the following comments:
Prohibit accompanying visitors.
Symptomatic patients, if not already masked, should be given surgical masks and isolated from other patients while awaiting scanner availability.
Patients should be imaged with portable equipment when possible (e.g., chest x-ray) in an isolation room.
Dedicated CT scanners and interventional suites can be used, ideally with negative pressure, as institutional space and resources allow.
The last few months have been challenging for healthcare providers in general. The pandemic has had a wide reach, impacting not only the safety but also the livelihood of healthcare workers. Although we personally are not on the front lines, as an extension of your revenue cycle process, we are all in this together. We hope we have provided valuable content as you look to transition your practice into the recovery phase.
Rebecca Farrington serves as the chief revenue officer for Healthcare Administrative Partners. She has more than 20 years of experience in healthcare sales and management roles, focusing on hospital-based and physician revenue cycle management.